1st Grade Curriculum

Language Arts:

The Houghton Mifflin Reading program focuses on:

  • Phonics
  • Reading Strategies
  • Comprehension
  • Grammar
  • Writing
  • Spelling
  • Vocabulary
  • Listening
  • Speaking SKills

Scholastic guided reading leveled books help supplement the language arts program. The program promotes effective oral and written communication. Students learn the writing process with all grammar, usage, and mechanics, with spelling skills introduced, practiced and reviewed in the context of writing. Writing reinforcement is provided through pre-writing, drafting, revising, editing, and publishing activities. Daily formal and informal speaking opportunities are provided to develop oral language skills. Manuscript (printing) skills are introduced with emphasis on legibility and consistency of letter formation and spacing.


First graders move from the concrete to the symbolic level of basic math concepts and operations. Everyday Mathematics is supplemented to build upon these concepts. Keys of study include:

  • Numeration (cardinal and ordinal numbers)
  • Addition
  • Subtraction
  • Measurement
  • Using non-standard units
  • Money
  • Shapes
  • Time
  • Mental Arithmetic
  • Place Value
  • Fractions

Problem-solving strategies include sorting, patterning, grouping, and simulating daily life, such as solving problems involving play money and telling time to the half hour.


The science program places special emphasis on the research process in all grade levels. While using FOSS Kits, teachers and students do hands-on active learning science together. FOSS investigations are inquiry based. The three modules of interest in grade one are: Insects, Solids and Liquids, and Air and Weather.

  • The Insects Module provides experiences that heighten students’ awareness of the diversity of animal forms. They come to know firsthand the life sequences of a number of insects. In each investigation an insect is introduced, and students observe structures and behaviors, discuss their findings, and ask questions. Students observe life cycles of insects and compare the stages of metamorphosis exhibited by each species. 
  • The Solids and Liquids Module provides experiences that heighten students’ awareness of the physical world. Matter with which we interact exists in three fundamental states: solid, liquid, and gas. In this module first and second graders have introductory experiences with two of these states of matter, solid and liquid. 
  • The Air and Weather Module consists of four sequential investigations, each designed to introduce concepts in earth science. The investigations provide opportunities for young students to explore the natural world by using simple tools to observe and monitor change.

Social Studies:

Using Social Studies Alive! My School and Family, grade one students learn the social structures of schools and families as well as map skills. Students learn how to get along with their classmates, follow school rules, and identify people who work at school. They learn about family traditions and the ways in which family members interact and change. They apply their learning in hands-on activities such as categorizing photographs of family members and acting out the roles of school staff.