2nd Grade Curriculum

Language Arts:

The Houghton Mifflin Reading program focuses on phonics, reading strategies, comprehension, grammar, writing, spelling, vocabulary, listening, and speaking skills. Scholastic guided reading leveled books help supplement the language arts program. The program promotes effective oral and written communication. Students learn the writing process with all grammar, usage, and mechanics, with spelling skills introduced, practiced and reviewed in the context of writing. Writing reinforcement is provided through pre-writing, drafting, revising, editing, and publishing activities. Daily formal and informal speaking, reading, and writing opportunities are provided to develop language skills.


Second graders move from the concrete to the symbolic level of basic math concepts and operations. Everyday Mathematics is supplemented to build upon these concepts. Keys of study include:

  • Number stories
  • Place value
  • Money
  • Time
  • Measurement
  • Geometry
  • Patterns
  • Exploring weights, scales, and shapes

Fractions, multiplication, division, and volume are introduced with an emphasis on building a strong mathematical foundation.


The science program places special emphasis on the research process in all grade levels. While using FOSS Kits, teachers and students do hands-on active learning science together. FOSS investigations are inquiry based. The three modules of interest in grade one are: Pebbles, Sand, and Silt; New Plants, and Balance and Motion.

  • The Pebbles, Sand, and Silt Module provides opportunities to study the properties of rocks by grouping, sorting, and using tools to investigate.  Students study properties of different kinds of soils and explore natural resources used as building materials. 
  • In the Balance and Motion Module students explore stable and unstable systems, using counter weighting to change the center of mass of the systems.  They explore two classes of motion – spinning and rolling – first through trial and error, and later through systematic explorations.  Students begin to develop a sense of variables, which they control to produce desired outcomes.   
  • In the New Plants unit, students experience the diversity of life in the plant kingdom.  They observe the structures of flowering plants and discover ways to propagate new plants from mature plants.  They observe and describe changes that occur as plants grow and develop, and organize their observations on a calendar and in a journal.
  • The Pebbles, Sand, and SiltModule provides opportunities to study the properties of rocks by grouping, sorting, and using tools to investigate.  Students study properties of different kinds of soils and explore natural resources used as building materials.  

Social Studies:

Using Social Studies Alive! My Community and Rand McNally Atlas, grade two students learn the social structures of community. Students learn:

  • How communities are different
  • How we use maps
  • What geography is
  • How people use our environment
  • How goods are made and brought to us
  • Who provides services in the community
  • How to be a good shopper
  • How communities change 
  • How one person can make a different
  • What a good citizen does

Supplemental studies include communities in India, Thailand, and China.