2nd Grade Curriculum


The Second Grade Literacy Program provides students with balanced literacy instruction that enhances each child’s individual skills and experiences. Balanced literacy instruction is characterized by meaningful literacy activities that provide children with both the skills and motivation to become proficient readers and writers. Literature and informational texts are used with individuals, small groups, or whole class instruction utilizing leveled books, a literature anthology, and online resources. In Second Grade, students are continuing to strengthen foundational skills as they grow as readers and writers. The Literacy Program includes word study, grammar, spelling, reading skills, and strategies instruction, responding to texts, listening, and speaking. Throughout the year students learn grade level concepts and skills that will help them read grade appropriate text fluently along with developing strategies to improve their reading comprehension. In Second Grade, students study three different types of writing: opinion, information, and narrative writing. A writer’s workshop approach is utilized. Students write for different purposes and specific audiences, revising and editing their writing as appropriate. Mentor texts are used to provide students with exemplars of the types of writing that they are studying. The course is aligned to the Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts.


The Second Grade Math Program is intended to develop students’ understanding of mathematical concepts and skills through concrete real world applications. The strands focus on developing students’ skills and concepts in the areas of operations and algebraic thinking, numbers and operations in base-10, measurement and data, and geometry. A spiraling curriculum is used that introduces key concepts to students at a young age and covers these concepts repeatedly, with increasing degrees of complexity. The mathematics program in grade two provides a variety of developmentally appropriate learning opportunities to assist students in becoming mathematically literate. Within the content of the program, an emphasis is placed on problem-solving strategies, which develop critical thinking. Students use the language of math to draw, write, and talk about their learning. Mathematical topics covered in Second Grade include:

  • Numbers and routines

  • Addition and subtraction facts

  • Place value, money, and time

  • Addition and subtraction

  • Place 3-D, 2-D shapes

  • Whole number operations and number stories

  • Patterns and rules

  • Fractions

  • Measurement

  • Decimals and place value

The course is aligned to the Common Core State Standards. This course will prepare students to employ mathematical practices and content for Third Grade.


The Second Grade Science Program engages students in scientific inquiry and investigation. In Second Grade, students learn about the world around them through the study of earth, life, and physical science concepts and engineering design. During the year, students learn about structure and properties of matter; Earth’s systems; and, interdependent relationships in ecosystems. Students are engaged in inquiry lessons, as well as researching and reporting. The course is aligned to the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS).

Social Studies

In the Second Grade Social Studies Program Program, students study about the local community. In this context, students will develop content and skills related to civics, economics, history, and geography using an inquiry approach to learning. Students learn about what makes a good citizen and why communities are important in society. They examine the local community and learn how basic needs and wants are met. The course is aligned to the American Education Reaches Out (AERO) Standards.

Myanmar Studies

Elementary Myanmar Studies Program is to help students for Myanmar language competency and traditions of Myanmar as well. In Elementary Myanmar Studies students will practice writing, reading and speak skillfully. The students will learn about reading passages and using more vocabularies, grammar, and knowledge about Myanmar custom and culture and the festival in Myanmar. The students will demonstrate skills on effort and show respect toward Myanmar language and Myanmar tradition. Students will work on playing collaboratively. Students will take responsibility for their works. Students will demonstrate and understand what has been read. Students will listen attentively and follow directions. Students will participate appropriately in discussions.

Myanmar Music & Dance

The purpose of teaching Myanmar Music and Dance is to understand the basic concepts of Myanmar Culture, to love Myanmar traditions and customs and to keep the essence and beauty of Myanmar. We will start from basic theory and practice. Myanmar traditions include singing, dancing and playing the instruments. In K to Third Grade we do traditional songs with the play (see and warr), Myanmar traditional dance (basic skills- head, waist, legs, and hands) and Myanmar festival dances. Students will learn basic skills of dancing Myanmar dance. Students will receive an explanation of the Myanmar day homage paying ceremony, special activities, and performances. Each student will understand and appreciate the importance of the Myanmar dances and basic skills to play instruments of Myanmar to follow up next level of learning.


At YIS we follow the NCAS Standards for Art Education: They are under the umbrellas of Creating, Presenting, Responding and Connecting.

In Second Grade our focus is to explore ideas and experiences and ways to represent them through experimentation with the visual art elements of shape, form, color, line, space, and texture.

By further using a variety of media and technologies we will develop artistic skill with Shape (Symmetrical), Color (intermediate, warm, cool), Line (horizontal, vertical, diagonal, spiral), Space (overlapping to show depth; horizon line), and texture (man-made & natural).

Students will explore techniques and processes in Printmaking, Painting, Clay, Collage, Mixed Media and Drawing to create 2-D and 3-D art that communicates ideas and messages to an audience.

Finally, they will present and display artwork. They will know where art is displayed such as museums and galleries.

They will share personal responses, identifying elements of shape, line, color, space and texture in the artwork they view and make.


The YIS Music Department encourages the artistic growth of its students through four pillar standards: Creating, Performing, Responding, and Connecting. The YIS Music Department courses are aligned to NCAS standards. In the music classroom, students will encounter challenges that will allow them to engage in divergent thinking, creativity, collaboration, problem-solving, and perseverance. On the performance stage, students will demonstrate their musical growth in at least two concerts a year.

In the Second Grade Music classroom, students will participate in the Orff approach to world music. Elementary students will sing, play instruments, and use creative movement to focus on the following skills: Rhythm and form, instrument technique, composition, and improvisation. Second Grade students learn to create new musical ideas, analyze beat and quarter-, eighth-, and half-note rhythms, sing and play pentatonic melodies, and develop musical preferences and interests.

Physical Education

Grade Two Physical Education continues to focus on the development of large and fine motor skills. Students are beginning to apply skills in team based sports settings and are learning basic tactics for gameplay. Students are learning how to manage their own behavior and self-assess their own development and also offer basic peer assessment for their classmates. Units for this course include Team Building, Fitness, Ultimate sports, Swimming, Invasion Games, Striking / Kicking & Fielding Games, Rhythm & Dance and Gymnastics.


Technology in Grade Two reinforces basic computer usage and handling skills. Students continue to understand basic navigation skills and are exposed to electronic resources. Keyboarding skills are introduced at this grade level and students learn the importance of “home row” skills. Students explore resources that address skills such as writing, reading, word study, math, and digital citizenship. Second Grade students are also continuing to explore basic coding skills to enhance their problem-solving skills.